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Sunday, March 18, 2018

Time release study 2018 released by Chairperson,Central Board of Indirect taxes & Customs(CBIC) at Jawaharlal Nehru Custom House(JNCH),Mumbai

Time Release Studies (TRS) 2018, just completed by an internal team of JNCH, was unveiled today by Ms Vanaja N. Sarna, Chairman, CBEC at a function at Nhava Sheva. Annual Time Release Studies (TRS) for year 2018 were conducted by Jawaharlal Nehru Custom House (JNCH), under directions and guidance from Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC).
These studies assess the impact of measures introduced from time to time. Reduction in the transactions cost and time of moving goods across the border has been key areas in the Government’s initiative on the Ease of Doing Business. Based on guidelines laid down by the World Customs Organization, these studies measure the average time taken for the release of cargo from the time of arrival of goods (represented by the entry inwards of a vessel) till the time of an “out of charge” order by Customs and help monitor the trend in its behavior over a period of time.
The study has used data pertaining to 14,757 bills of entry (we had started with 14973 but excluded 216 bills of entry) filed between 1-7 January 2018 whose movement was tracked for one month. The study shows that the overall average release time for imports has improved significantly from 181.34 hours in January 2017 to 144.18 hours this year with about two-third of the consignments being released in less than this time.
As many as 29% of the consignments were cleared within the target of 72 hours set for sea cargo under the National Trade Facilitation Action Plan.For the first time, the study has sliced time release data across several dimensions such as the category of importer – whether an Authorized Economic Operator or not; the mode of delivery i.e. Direct Port Delivery and delivery from a Container Freight Station; facilitated vs. non-facilitated Bill of entry;  advance filed bills of entry vs. those filed after the arrival of goods and finally those requiring intervention by Participating Government Agencies such as FSSAI, Drug Controller, Textiles Committee and those not subjected to such intervention.
Generally speaking, the study concluded that release time decreased progressively with the adoption of each successive measure targeted at reduction of release time by an importer or consignment. Thus, the sharpest decline was observed in cases where the importer holding AEO status filed a bill of entry in advance, the bill of entry was facilitated and the importer took direct port delivery of the consignment. In a side study of auto-components imported from South Korea, the study clocked an average release time of only 58 hours for consignments fulfilling these criteria. This finding strongly vindicates the policy measures introduced by the Government to prune the release time of import cargo. Barring the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau the release time in cases requiring intervention by any of the six Participating Government Agencies in the Single Window project was found to be higher than the overall average of 144 hours.
In a first, TRS 2018 also looked at the release time of export cargo and found the average (excluding domestic transport time) to be 84 hours.
Apart from reflecting on the time-efficiency of operations of all the agencies and stakeholders involved in the clearance of import and export cargo at the border, TRS 2018 arouses wide interest in the context of the ‘Ease of Doing Business Survey and Trading Across Borders’ ranking assigned by the World Bank. While the report shows a very sharp improvement over the data released after the ‘Trading Across Borders survey of 2017’ for imports, the average release time for exports matches the results of that survey quite closely. The findings of the World Bank survey which is perception based are expected to converge with TRS results which are based on data collated from the computer systems of customs, port terminals, PGAs etc over a period of time as trade facilitation reforms acquire wider coverage and depth.
The study has also assessed the impact of certain statutory and administrative changes on nudge the trade towards prompt filing of bills of entry and thereafter payment of duty.
One of the positive side effects of TRS 2018 has been better ownership of trade facilitation measures and the importance of time sensitivity internally within the Customs formations and other stakeholders.
Source:-Indian Express

Monday, October 23, 2017

My experiment and experience with Running....physical fitness Mantra No 2

Hello everyone...It is a second article in that series where I want to share my experiences with all of you. No water break, No washroom break, No selfie break,No shoe lace tightening break,no stretching break and no music support today...Feeling awesome...

Completed 10 km run today..Since I did couple of leg strengthening exercise yesterday ,there was no pain in my calf muscles today..In the beginning, I gave direction to my mind that today no water break ..Surprisingly ,mind followed that direction as a faithful servant..seems ,Running is a great self learning more than any other exercise ..Human body has infinite potential and strength..There is a need to rightly channelize the energy. Today I felt that running before sunrise is good. In the last round of today's run, mind started throwing some irrational logic but I visualize the protagonist of Hollywood movie 'Forest Gump'.(a great movie for runners)..His smiling face in the movie gave me enough motivation to complete today's task..stay fit...Keep on Blogging

My experiment and experience with Running....physical fitness Mantra No 1

Hello Everyone, sorry for unable to update the blog frequently due to various other engagements in office and outside. I am starting a new column on physical fitness specially focusing on Running.I feel that in the era of polluted and adulterated food, there is a strong need that each one of us should remain healthy. To remain healthy and fit, one must take some sports or follow some physical exercise routine.Here, I will try to share my experiences during long running, its various aspects and various challenges being faced by me. I will also share the methodology through which I tried to overcome these challenges. I hope, my experiences will help some of you while facing similar challenges.

        I tried to realize my dream run for 21 Km. It was an effort towards actual half marathon event being organised on 29th October at Colaba,Mumbai. This event is being organised by Mumbai Customs.
Just to share with you all about the mental turbulence and obstacles created by my mind during last two rounds of 21 km. I have a luxury of lake side track of 2.6km in Navi Mumbai. When I started, my calf muscles start paining. It usually happens frequently whenever I run due to weak muscles probably. I tried to divert my mind from this pain. After two rounds, the pain vanished. Then I rain 15 km comfortably. The last two rounds were a big challenge thrown not by my body muscles but my mental block/fear. In second last round, my mind start giving logic to stop for some time,take rest,go to washroom for 2 minute,take break and stretch,etc etc...Since I was one of few who were running in park , my mind was giving numerous logic.But, I gave tough direction to mind that at any cost I need to complete 21 km today irrespective of logic u give.. Somehow, I completed 17.5km...Then came the moment of going for last round.My mind re bounced with some silly logic such as please  stop and take selfie, drink water,etc..At one point, mind start abusing me that you are  a should not put too much pressure on your legs, this last round will hamper your chance to participate in final event as your legs will break today, etc etc...At this critical juncture, I started visualizing Mr Usain bolt run and chanting of 1,2,1...An informal drill I learnt at NPA, Hyderabad. Finally, I was able to complete the dream run for 21 km. Yesterday, I learnt a lesson that long running is a mind game although we need basic strength in body. It is all about firm determination and overcoming on your mind and silly excuses generated by mind at that moment. At last,it gives immense satisfaction and confidence. I remember the time where I was unable to run even 2 km but today I can proudly say that I can run for 21 km. Dreaming to run full marathon in time to come.
You can participate in the upcoming half marathon on 29th OCt,2017 at Mumbai...keep on blogging...

Sunday, August 6, 2017

What is happening here? BRAID CHOPPING Episode....

Dear blog readers, I am disturbed by the news about " Choti CUT/braid chopping" in various northern states. It is reported that the first incidence was reported from Rajasthan and then it went viral to Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

     Only  females have been affected from it. It appears that it is a handiwork of some unsocial elements. The reason behind this conclusion is that these incidences are reported from rural areas only. Secondly, such incidences are reported in night only baring one female who is reporting that incidence happened in day time . The first casualty related to this incidence is from Agra which again raised question mark on the maturity of our society as well as failure of our education system. The major reason behind the spread of such incidence is the technology itself. Is not it a contradiction/oxymoron?
          "The bizarre incidents have left the villagers in panic mode. Most women claimed to have fallen unconscious when their braids were chopped off leading to the villagers blaming godmen, ghosts, witches and “cat-like” creatures." reported by online news services ' the quint'
     As per the latest study, the tele-density in India has been increased by many fold. The top ten states reported tele-density around 65 which appears quite high. The tele-density is directly correlated with increased coverage of Internet which in-turn relates to spread of social media. Social media such as WhatsApp is one of the major reason behind the spread of myriads of circulation of unverified information.
    This is the crude example of misuse of social media and technology. It is quite unfortunate that in 21st century, one 62 year old widow female with very low vision was killed by people just on the misconception that she is a "DAYAN" and reason behind "CHOTI CUT/braid chopping".
      Online news magazine 'The quint'  reports ,"The woman was in extreme trauma and still terrified. She was admitted to a private hospital and discharged last evening, he said. Another incident was reported in Malhaka village. Aseena had fallen unconscious and when she woke up she found her hair had been chopped off".

     It is a humble request to every netizen to be responsible . They should not re-circulate such messages on social media. The affected females should be given proper medical counselling.  Government should also be alert to stop such unverified messages on social media. Keep on blogging.   

Friday, July 21, 2017

Withering bureaucracy under PM Mr Narendra Modi ???

Dear readers, I am posting here an article published in an online version of The Week here with my comments at the end of this article. Readers are requested to offer their commenst.
    "when he assumed office, Prime Minister Narendra Modi hit the ground running with the clarion “Minimum Government, Maximum Governance.” He had primed himself to this during his high-octane election campaign. And within four days he set 10 ‘governance priorities’: (i) remove hurdles in economic growth and containing inflation, (ii) put education, energy and water on fast track, (iii) reform infrastructure sector for attracting investments and make India a global manufacturing hub, (iv) provide a proactive, people-oriented government and governance putting people at the centre of development process, (v) ensure time-bound implementation of policy, (vi) maintain consistency in policy, (vii) promote transparency by adopting e-auctioning in government tenders and works, (viii) improve inter-ministerial co-ordination and clubbing of ministries where needed, (ix) build confidence in the bureaucracy and (x) empower and provide freedom to the bureaucracy and incentive to innovate.
Given India’s administrative system, priorities 'ix' and 'x' would drive the entire exercise and the speed and sincerity with which these priorities were to be implemented depended on IAS bureaucrats occupying key positions in the Centre and the states and the innovative way they conceive and deliver governance. Question was whether the IAS is equipped—mentally and intellectually—to be independent and innovative. Originally it was a command oriented, revenue collecting administrative machinery which hardly called for any innovation.
Due to a process of evolution and democratic/developmental compulsions, it has been under pressure to become an instrument of participatory, flexible, multi-sectored public service, spanning government, corporate and civil society. And this new concept of public service is characterised by change and dynamism more than status quo and constancy. But IAS had not responded to this ‘change and dynamism’ at the cutting-edge of administration where it was most needed. Modi was expected to remedy this and help civil servants to reinvent themselves to become a fearless, independent, honest and efficient entity.
On this Nripendra Misra, principal secretary to the prime minister brought some hope when he stated, “Mr. Modi does three things: he guarantees stability in tenure for as many as four to five years for competent officers, offers tremendous freedom to innovate and deliver, and takes personal ownership of all decisions.”
But in the last three years, decision-making has become individualistic, politics polarised, and governance straitjacketed with civil services reverting back to command-oriented culture. Despite cacophony of slogans and noises, reforms have not touched civil services and basic governance. Only two things seem to have happened—the strange apparition of IAS probationers starting their field training from the top (assistant secretaries to Government of India at Delhi instead of assistant commissioner/collector in a far-off district) and steeply reducing the role of IAS at the decision-making level of joint secretaries in Central government departments and replacing them with personnel from other services.
For the first time, over 30 per cent of joint secretaries in Central government are from services outside IAS. It is getting worse as would be seen from the recent appointment of joint secretaries. Out of 21 officers, only seven (one-third) are from IAS and the rest are from Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS) and other Central Services. Another disturbing trend is that several IAS joint secretaries have sought and obtained premature repatriation to their respective state cadres and very few empanelled IAS officers are seeking deputation to the Centre.
Equally disturbing is the empanelment of secretaries wherein even the limited practices and conventions evolved over a period of time to reduce arbitrariness was thrown to the wind and there was complete overhaul of the way assessments were made. This led to almost 35 per cent of the officers, who were due to be empanelled, being left out for no rhyme or reason. The new process was supposed to be merit-based with the confidential report (CR) dossier being loaded with diverse inputs drawn from a variety of sources. No one knows what these inputs were. There are no explanations as to why some people have been left out or what criteria have been followed, what kind of inputs were obtained to make the assessment or where they were obtained from. There was also no redress for an officer who felt unfairly treated. Introducing such uncertainty in career advancement at the end of a career is not just inexplicable, it is whimsical and arbitrary in the extreme.
To quote Amitabha Pande, a former civil servant: “For the bureaucracy, a clear statement is being made. The authority of the prime minister and the prime minister's office (PMO) is absolute and no one else matters. The sphere of a minister and a secretary is that which the PMO decides, and while suggestions and initiatives are welcome, such initiatives will be subject to the close watch of Big Brother. Access to the top will be filtered through the chosen few and decisions taken by the chosen few may or may not be based on prior consultation. Officers will have to live with uncertainty regarding their future, which could be bright if they read the signals right but bleak if they get it wrong.”
All these seem to be part of an orchestrated move to ease-out the IAS from the Central government and bring in ‘experts with domain knowledge’. In their support, proponents of this move are quoting the observations of Chairman of the Seventh Pay Commission Justice A.K. Mathur and its Member Rathin Roy: “Senior management and administrative positions in government have evolved considerably and are growing more technical, requiring specific domain knowledge.”
But they need to answer one moot question: In the Indian context what is the needed ‘domain expertise’ for those who run the government? Is it corporate-pandering and pushing predatory ‘development’ models thrust by rich ‘movers and shakers’? Or is it basic grassroots governance delivered through effective and just governments that could uplift the miserable millions. If it is the former, the IAS is certainly dispensable. Not so, if it is the latter.
Due to the herculean efforts put in by Sardar Vallabbhai Patel, IAS was established to "give a fair and just administration to the country and manage it on an even keel". The expectation was that the liberal educational background and sharp intellect of the IAS entrants, valuable village/grassroots experience they gain, their wide contacts with the public and political leadership right from the stage of their first posting, and their variegated exposure in different assignments will be a boon for people-centered policy making, conceiving and designing development-cum-welfare projects/programmes and their effective and expeditious implementation. None of these except the education and intellect can be claimed by the members of the Central Services who begin and end their careers in cities and towns with hardly any contact with the people or their elected representatives. They have no grassroots experience and can be manipulated by carpetbaggers!
By promoting this governance model, Modi is erasing what his icon Sardar Patel built. This has brought in a sense of foreboding in the bureaucracy and civil servants are no longer sure of themselves. In pursuit of personal hegemony and corporate agenda India’s most potent instrument of governance—civil services—is being run to the ground. This does not augur well for the country’s future."
Source:- is former Army & IAS officer)
Neutralviews:-  The writer of this blog differs from the opinion of  the above views by ex Army & IAS officer. He may have expressed the opinion as an IAS officer but the time and reality has changed. It is the failure of IAS which led this country to such a situation. Had they been completely meritorious, fearless, non -corrupt and impartial, things would have been different. There have been several examples where huge corruption related allegations have been made and proved against IAS officers.There have been incidences where even senior IAS officers found acting in partial manner. They are even crawling in-front of petty politicians just to manage their plum postings. Therefore, blaming PM for withering IAS and promoting other services officers and lateral entry at Joint Secretary level is not correct. UPSC conducts  single exam to recruit for various Grp A positions. At the time of recruitment, every body is equal having difference of marks ranging from 1 to 100. Subsequently, it is IAS who created a partial system to not to give enough exposures to other services except them-self. Had Central Services officers been given enough exposure to all types of administrative wings, this logic of specialization would not have arrived. Therefore, in the era of globalization and digital economic world where physical boundaries have lost their relevance, merit only should be the criteria for administrative positions be it private or government. Mr Nilekani did wonderful thing being head of UIDA. The specialist organisation like ISRO did wonders. This is the right time that IAS hegemony should be removed and everyone with proven merit should be given opportunity to work in the progressive march of this great nation....keep on blogging..    

Thursday, July 6, 2017

The polygamy myth about Muslim community...a must read article by all

A news headline that grabbed my attention recently was from the neighbouring Pakistan about three men who among them have fathered nearly 100 children making their modest contribution to Pakistan’s skyrocketing population, which is being counted for the first time in 19 years. Allah, they say, will provide for them, a standard reply of most Muslims in Pakistan.
Fortunately in India, religion is not a factor for high birth rate among Muslims. Nor is the birth rate comparable in the two countries. While in Pakistan it is 3.7, in Indian Muslims it is 2.4 ( national average 2.3) (2016 World Population Data). It is clear that the prevalence of family planning among them is the lowest of all communities but that is because they are at the bottom of the ladder in education, economic status and the access to health services – the main determinants of fertility behaviour. That can be analyzed in a separate article. Here I examine if religion is the contributor to high birth rate. This is a subject which is characterized by mass ignorance and it is time someone explodes the myths.
At the centre of the debate is the belief that Islam encourages polygamy which leads to a spurt in population growth. The reality is that though Islam does permit polygamy but it is subject to not one but two conditions – that they are orphans and will be treated with absolute equality.
“And if you fear that you will not deal justly with the orphan girls, then marry those that please you , two or three or four. But if you fear that you will not be just, then [marry only] one”. ( Al Nisa:4.3)
The polygamists conveniently miss both the conditions. This is the only verse in the Quran that refers to polygamy and that too in the context of fair treatment of orphan girls. The emphasis of the Holy Quran is very clearly on monogamy.
Is polygamy widely prevalent among Muslims? The only report on the subject is that of the Committee on the Status of Women in India, 1974, which revealed that polygamy was not exclusive to Muslims but was prevalent among all communities of India: tribals (15.2), Buddhists (9.7), Jains (6.7) and Hindus (5.8). Muslims were, in fact, found least polygamous(5.7).
Polygamy is not even statistically possible in India as the number of women per 1000 men is only 940. Experts have opined that polygamy cannot lead to high birth rate, since the number of polygamous men, small though they are, would leave an equal number of men unmarried. It is also observed that second wife of a man has lesser number of children than the first/only wife. A study showed that the average number of children from the second wife of Muslims was only 1.78 as compared to 4.67 from the first wife.
Polygamy apart, what does Shariah say about family planning?
Quran and Hadith are replete with verses and traditions supportive of the concept of family planning. It is extremely important to note that nowhere has the Quran prohibited family planning! There are only interpretations, whether for or against.
Anti-family planning interpretation is based on the following concepts: Tawakkul (Reliance on Allah), Qadr (Predestination), and Rizq (Provision).
“Do not kill your children (for fear of poverty); We make provisions for you, and for them too.” (Sura 6:152 and 17:31). “And Allah has made for you, your mates from yourselves and made for you, out of them, children and grandchildren.” (Sura 16:72). “Your wives are as tilth unto you, so, approach your tilth how you wish” (Sura 2:223)
Pro-family planning interpretations, on the contrary, are many more and these are based on: Tranquility of conjugal life, emphasis on ease, injunction about breast feeding (that delays conception and promotes spacing), preference for quality over numbers, and permission for Al Azl (withdrawal method), etc.
Foe me the clinching verse of the Quran is: “Let those who find not the wherewithal for marriage, keep themselves chaste, UNTIL Allah gives them means out of His grace”. (Sura 24:33). This is amplified by the Prophet: “O young men! Those of you who can support a wife and household should marry. For, marriage keeps you from looking with lust at women and preserves you from promiscuity. But those who cannot, should take to fasting, which is a means of tempering sexual desires”. (Bukhari).
Then there is Hadees that refers to restricting the size of the family. Abu Sa’ad, a companion of the Prophet, reported, ‘A man came to the Prophet to ask about the practice of al-azl ( withdrawal) with his mate. He added “I do not like her to get pregnant and I am a man who wants what other men want. But the Jews claim that al-azl (withdrawal) is minor infanticide.” The Prophet strongly dismissed this contention saying “The Jew lied, the Jew lied.” (Authenticated by Abu Dawoud, lbn Hanbal and al-Tahawi).
Please note that the first is the Quranic injunction, the second is the elaboration of the same by the Prophet and the third describes the method of birth control. I consider this a complete prescription for family planning. This interpretation is strongly reinforced by the following narrative based on Quranic versus and traditions of the Prophet.
Islam is a Religion for Ease. This is what the Quran says: “Allah desires for you ease (yusr); He desires not hardship (usr) for you”.(Sura 2:185). “No soul shall impose (upon it) a duty but to its capacity; neither shall a mother be made to suffer injury on account of her child, nor shall he to whom the child is born (be made to suffer) on account of his child”. (Sura 2:223). And know that your wealth and your children are a persecution (or trial) (Fitna). (Sura 8:28 and 64:15).
And the Hadees amplifies it. “The most gruelling trial is to have plenty of children with no adequate means”. (al-Hakim). “A multitude of children is one of the two poverties (or cases of penury), while a small number is one of the two cases of ease”. (Musnad al- Shahab).
Importantly, even the Purpose of Marriage is conjugal tranquility.
“It is He who created you from a single soul (nafs) and therefrom did make his mate, that he might dwell in tranquility with her.” (Sura 7:189). “And among His signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that you may dwell in tranquility with them, and He has put love and mercy between your hearts.” [Sura 30:21)
Islam is a Religion for Quality. “How oft, by Allah’s will, has a small force vanquished a numerous force”. (Sura 2:249). “Allah has given you victory in many battles; but on the day of Hunayn, when you exalted in your multitude, it availed you naught. And the earth, vast as it is, became tight for you, then you turned back in retreat.” (Sura 18:46)
The prophet is emphatic about quality. “The right of a child on his parent is to be given good breeding and good name”. (al-Baihaqi). “To leave your heirs rich is better than leaving them dependent upon people’s charity.”( al Bukhari)
Quran also prescribes the right of children to breastfeeding which not only ensures their health but also helps child spacing. “And mothers shall suckle their children two full years to complete breast-feeding” (Sura 2:233) and (Sura 31:14)
Islam’s emphasis on gender equality is also important. There are numerous Hadees on this. “Men and women are equal halves.” (Abu Dawoud). “Do not hate having daughters, for they are the comforting dears.” (al-Tabarani). “It is a woman’s blessing to have a girl as her first child.” ( Mardaweih )
It is well known that many Indians, driven by the cultural/traditional son preference, continue to have children ending up with a large family. Islam enjoins gender equality. Fortunately,Indian Muslims have less discrimination against the girl child and least female foetus abortion. This explains the marked improvement in their female gender ratio.
The opinion of the great Imams:
Based on their understanding of the Islamic law, the opinion of the great Imams is supportive of family planning. Interpreting verse 4:3 of the Holy Quran, Imam Shafei opined that more children should not be produced if they cannot be properly supported. Imam Raghib, interpreting 17:31 verse of Quran, says that it is not only the physical killing of children which is prohibited in Islam, but also spiritually and intellectually. The denial of access to education, for example, amounts to killing them intellectually. “Those few (qalil)”, records a Hadith, “who are virtuous are superior to those many who are undesirable”. It implies that the number of children should be restricted to the capacity of parents to make them virtuous. Imam Ghazzali, a sufi of great eminence, mentions a tradition from the Prophet: Smallness of a family (qillat al’ayal) is a facility (yusur) and its largeness (kathrat) results in faqr (indigence, poverty).
A plethora of opinions of contemporary Ulama and fatwas strongly support family planning. For example, Sheikh Sayyid Sabiq (Saudi Arabia, 1968) opined, “The use of contraception is allowed, especially if the husband already has a large family, if he cannot bring up his children correctly, if his wife is weak or sick or has repeated pregnancies, or if the husband is poor.” 
There is no verse in the Quran forbidding the wife or husband to practise family planning. I, for one, do not feel that Islam interdicts family planning to ward off hardship in Muslim married life”. ( Haji Nasiruddin Latif, Indonesia, 1974).
“Family Planning in Islam starts with the choice of the wife and places a great emphasis on raising children physically, educationally and spiritually, that is why quality is favoured over quantity.” (Sheikh Abdel Aziz, Jordan, 1985). Several Hadiths listed by Imam Ghazzali underline benefits of ‘Azl’: (1) preservation of wife’s beauty and charm; (2) protection of her health and life; (3) shielding her from hardship (kathrat al-haral) on account of child birth; and (4) keeping away financial hardship from the family.
Sheikh Mahmoud Shaltout, Great Imam of Al-Azhar in his fatwa of 1959 “strongly endorsed the use of contraceptives on an individual basis for health, social or economic reasons.” Under certain conditions contraception becomes mandatory, he added. Fatwa of Advisory Council on Religious Matters (Turkey, 1960) allowed contraception with the wife’s consent and even without wife’s consent in case of war, turmoil or conditions where bringing up children becomes difficult.
Opinion of Indian ulama is on the same lines:
Allama Shah Zaid Abul Hassan Farooqi, Delhi.
All the four Imams regard Azl as permissible. However, in one Hadith, a condition has been prescribed that it should be done only with the wife’s consent. Ibn Abidin, Tahtawi and Abus Saud opine that even a woman has the right to shut off the mouth of her uterus without the permission of the husband to avoid pregnancy.
Anti-pregnancy pills and medicines are also permissible.

When permissibility of Azl is proven, the use of other comparable measures (like condom, etc.) stands automatically endorsed. (Maulana Masood Ahmad Qasmi, Nazim-e-Deeniyat, Aligarh Muslim University). “Preventing conception temporarily which does not lead to permanently impairing the capability is legal. The use of loop (IUDs) and Nirodh (condom) is equivalent to the practice of Azl.”(Maulana Khalid Saifullah Rahmani, Sadar Mudarris, Dar-ul-Uloom, Sabeel-ul-Islam, Hyderabad).
To prevent short space between children which will make them naturally weak, use of temporary contraceptive methods like loop (IUD), Nirodh (condom), medicine or ointment is valid. (Maulana Jamil Ahmed Naziri, Jamia Arabia, Ahya-ul-uloom, Mubarakpur, Azamgarh).
“If there is a valid reason or disease because of which a woman cannot bear the hardship of pregnancy, in such a situation, Shariat allows temporary birth control measures.” (Mufti Zafir-ud-din Miftahi, Mufti, Darul-Uloom, Deoband)
“It is thus amply clear that Islam is fully supportive of the temporary methods of family planning. However, sterilisation or irreversible methods are disallowed by almost all sections of the Ulama though some Ulama have a positive interpretation about sterilisation too.
Prof Abder Rahim Omran (1992) of the most respected Islamic University, Al Azhar, observes, “It is a wonder to the thinkers of today that Islam should give so much (importance) to child spacing and family planning so early in human history, and in the absence of compelling population pressures,“
The above analysis should cause a rethink among those who think that Islam is opposed to family planning. On the contrary, it should be understood that Islam is indeed the originator of the concept. It is true that Muslims are most backward in family planning practices but the reason lies in their socio- economic backwardness, not their religion. Literacy, income and better delivery of health services hold the key to planning of family size. The future of the country and all its constituent communities lies in the quality of upbringing of the children, with education as the key strategy.
Source:- The writer is former Chief Election Commissioner of India. The views are personal. A longer version of this article is available on

Wednesday, May 17, 2017

The Dilemma of a ''Sarkari Karmachari"......Part-1

Hello everyone...I am sharing you an anecdote based on some real life experience of my colleague..It might appear in parts...hope you will enjoy it..
           Mr Dilkhush Chaube [henceforth Mr Chaube] has a single dream to crack UPSC exam...a somewhat prestigious exam in India. He belongs to a very backward area of Uttar Pradesh. His father was a school teacher, a very honest and disciplined. In his entire career as a school teacher, barring one or two occasion, he never reached late in School. These were the qualities completely absorbed by Mr Chaube.
           Mr Chaube, in his entire school days, saw only one IAS officer who visited to his village once. Till that time, he nurtured the dream to become an IAS officer. After graduation from a local government degree college in arts, He landed in Delhi for UPSC preparation. He landed at Mukherjee Nagar, the mecca of IAS aspirants.
           Mr Chaube was perplexed and bold out completely when he saw thousands of IAS aspirants roaming in shorts and tea shirts with Cigrate in one hand and tea cup in another. When he was leaving from his village, he thought that he is one of the few who are quite sincere and intelligent enough to prepare for Civil Services. But when he saw ocean of aspirants, he was confused and full of dilemma.
           After a long struggle, he was able to clear Civil services exam. He was very happy including his entire village,family and relatives. Mr Chaube was on cloud 9.
          After completion of probation, he landed to his first place of posting. He has several dreams to fulfil, several ideals to be followed. He thought that he will be a very strict and disciplined officer like his father. He thought that he will be punctual in office and will ensure that other should follow him.
         With this load of optimism, Mr Chaube started his first day in Office......
[what happens on First day will be published subsequently]
    keep on blogging.....                   

Tuesday, May 9, 2017

The questioning of EVMs is dangerous for Indian democratic process??

Dear all, good evening... after a long sabbatical.I am tempted to write something on the above mentioned topic due to wide discussion beaming across the Indian land mass via numerous communication channels.
      At the outset,I want to clarify that I don't support any authoritarian regime where questioning of anything is restricted and termed as anti-national. Healthy and logical questioning should be welcomed by each one of us.
     However, I am perturbed the way doubts are being raised on integrity of Election Commission of India and its functioning. I have serious concerns about the means adopted today in the legislative assembly of Delhi to demonstrate so called "Live Hecathon" of  EVMs [Electronic Voting Machine]. It appears like you are the judge of your own case. You have designed your machine and you are showing to the common masses of this great country about its hacking /manipulation.This is not expected from a apparently balanced educated politician like Mr Saurav Bhardwaj. If at all, they want to prove the possibilities of manipulation in EVMs, they should have asked Election Commission of India to provide them authentic EVMs. By showing look like EVMs is not a good thing and brought AAP in a very bad light specially when AAP is going through the worst crisis of credibility.
       It appears that there is serious deficit at the strategic level in AAP. They are touching a topic where people hardly believe and it might bounce back badly against AAP.
       It is these EVMs only via which AAP came to power. It is these EVMs only when AAP became leader of opposition in Punjab election. Why questions were not being raised when AAP won consecutive elections in Delhi? I think, AAP is loosing foresight due to cheap power politics. They are not able to concentrate on core issues.
    I am worried about the possible fall out of this mindless questioning on EVMs. Everybody is aware that India is passing though various internal challenges such as Naxalism in Jharkhand,Chattisgarh,Maharashtra,Orissa and terrorist/separatist movement in J & K and other north-eastern states. In a democratic country like India, when doubts are castigated on election process itself, the separatist forces may further trigger their movement and may justify their existence on Indian soil. It might happen that in future, opposition parties might join hands and start opposing the election results on the pretext that EVMs are manipulated. It will be a dark day then for India.
       It is easy to divide and create unrest in society but very difficult to contend and pacify the unrest. Election Commission of India burned mid night oil and spent years in getting trust of the people of this country. Once this trust is gone, it will be difficult to control unrest in our country. We all know, how a rigged election created bad atmosphere in J&K.
      The political parties which are demanding paper voting might have forgotten that maximum rigging/booth capturing took place during manual paper voting. The chance of any type of rigging has gone down substantially after the introduction of EVM. It has saved millions of trees as well.
      So, what should be done immediately by Election Commission of India immediately before fire spread like wild fire?
       Election Commission of India[EC] must demonstrate in front of all political parties with LIVE coverage by electronic media about the safety of EVM. EC must inform the people of this country about the fool proof procedure being adopted by EC during election. EC should publicize widely about the various levels of authorities/officers involved in election management where even if there is a Chance of manipulation in EVM, it can't happen just because of numerous layers.
         It is necessary because public should not loose faith on this very important tool of free and fair election.
         Simultaneously, every political party must behave properly and if at all they want to raise any issue they should raise it with wise and sound logic.
         EC must introduce paper trail on minimum 10 % EVMs in each constituency to remove any doubt on EVMs.
         A free and fair election is the necessity for a healthy and vibrant democratic Nation. I hope that EC will quickly realize the significance of a wide clarification on the issues raised by AAP howsoever silly it may be.
            Keep on blogging......

Monday, April 3, 2017

Speak UP...a much desired trait every honest Indian should have...

Hello everyone, extremely sorry for not writing since long due to my lethargy and misguided priority in life. Today, I am sharing you a write up written by an IT professional working with MNC in Pune.
   "" Indian IT industry is struggling to speak up. Western and Americans say we are good at doing what we are told to do. But we don’t speak up. We don’t tell the client upfront how they can do better. They want consulting and innovation from us. We want to take only orders and directions. This trait is not only limiting our IT industry but affecting our society at large too.
There are a few bad guys around us and many more good people. But in a city of 20 Lacs population, only two hundred odd men can take out a noisy procession and make it feel like they guide the thought process of the whole city. Surprised? Because good people don’t speak up. Ghalib wrote- Chahiye achho ko jitna chahiye, Ye agar chahe to fir kya chahiye. He understood the importance of speaking up!
Well, I got opportunity to spend some quality time with a great saint of India in UK. We both standing in front of London bridge while sight seeing, I was thinking of what I can ask him as we were only two and I had a great opportunity. With his inspiration I believe, I asked one question and this was the only question I asked throughout the day. Dadaji, what is the greatest thing to do, devoting one’s life for spiritual service like a Saint (in my mind I meant him) or devoting one’s life to social service like Gandhjiji. Basically I considered these two things separate and wanted to know who is the greatest of the two. He answered in just one line, ‘Adhyatm ke baad hi to log seva mei jaate hai’. Not only he blessed me with the answer but wiped the question itself. There were no two but one and the same.
Did Vivekanandji, Guru Gobindji, Kabirdasji and many great spiritual personalities not spoke against evils? Did that distract them from spirituality? Is it not one and the same?
All good people, and more so spiritual aspirants since they are inherently genuine, should limit themselves to isolation? Should they not speak up more? This is the dire need for our country’s financial, physical and spiritual well being.
Today’s weapon are not arrow & sword but words & propaganda. Please speak up!.....""
keep on Blogging..

Tuesday, November 24, 2015

IAS cadres should not monopolise top posts..An interesting writeup by Mr Shashi Tharoor

The Seventh Pay Commission has recommended parity between the elite IAS (Indian Administrative Service) and the 36 other central services, setting the cat among the bureaucratic pigeons.
The IAS has long enjoyed a two-year “edge” over the others, as the service joined mainly by those who score higher in the UPSC examinations that govern entry into government service. The IAS also enjoys quicker promotions and dominance (but not monopoly) of the top positions in the bureaucracy. The other services have long bridled at this disparity, and the Pay Commission award has been welcomed by them with great enthusiasm — and equally vehemently opposed by the IAS.
The debate has spilled into the public space, with battle-lines being quickly drawn in social media. The key issue appears to be — should better grades in a one-office exam in your mid-20s guarantee an edge in postings, promotions and salaries even in your 40s and 50s?
The IAS officers argue that it should — not just because they are an elite, but because their normal career progression gives them broader experience of the challenges of Indian administration, from district level “Collector” duties to ministries in state capitals and eventually in New Delhi. IAS officers, they argue, develop decision-making and crisis management skills on the job that are invaluable as they rise to the top and cannot be matched by officers in other services.
This is highly contestable. Is an IAS officer necessarily more experienced in handling crises than, say, a police officer from the IPS who has quelled riots, or a railway official who has dealt with the complexities of the world’s largest railway system? What does giving the “edge” achieve for the government in terms of morale and service delivery? Should a lifelong advantage be given on the basis of marks in an entrance exam without any reference to continued performance and further acquisition of relevant skills?
An alternative model of the civil service would recognize the value of different services but would link rank and reward to positions, not to individuals. So every government official would be eligible to apply for every position that his or her experience and ability qualified him or her for. The rank and salary would be linked to the position. If a smart, creative and quick-thinking IPS cop was a more impressive applicant for a position of Joint Secretary in the Home Affairs ministry, he or she would not necessarily lose out in selection to a less competent officer who happens to be from the IAS.
This approach would keep those who fell short in the UPSC examinations still keen on improving their performance to demonstrate their capabilities. It would end complacency amongst IAS officers who currently feel they will get the plum positions if they just serve long enough and acquire the seniority that keeps accruing to them, thanks to their “edge”.
And it will recognize the essential principle that position and authority should be a reward for performance, for continued self-improvement and demonstrated expertise, rather than flow inevitably from success in a one-off examination.
The “political” appointments in government already recognize this by allowing Ministers to appoint Private Secretaries (PS) and Officers on Special Duty (OSD) from any service. In my last position at the Ministry of Human Resource Development, I had a PS from the IPS and an OSD who was a Customs&Excise official, both of whom served with me and then returned to their parent services. They brought their different backgrounds and experience to the work and showed the skill, talent and professional abilities that their jobs required. I could not have expected better from IAS officers.
A country with the diversity and wide-ranging challenges that India offers cannot be the fiefdom of any small group, however elite. We need to be able to draw on the best in government, whatever initials they sport after their names.
The top posts in India cannot be the monopoly of the IAS. It is bad for the government and bad for the wider public interest....Keep on Blogging....
The writer is a member of Parliament from Thiruvananthapuram.

Friday, November 13, 2015

After Independence, India is growing and developing but pace of growth is very slow...Why?

After independence, India and her growth and development can be analyzed by different parameters. Mental status of human beings can prove Independent India's growth in either way, it depends where he is writing or speaking or at what platform.
However, Real introspection and in depth and neutral analysis may bring real picture or growth and status of India's growth as neutral views.
Most among us may not be satisfied with "Pace of growth and development". Besides, so many hindrances are prevalent or British has left negativity in the form of feudalism, attitude and arrogance. FEUDALISM AND ARROGANCE IS STILL PREVALENT AMONG PRIMITIVE SENIOR BUREAUCRATS MOSTLY BELONGS TO ONE SERVICE ONLY .
      Such feudalism, attitude and ego are prevalent in particular class of Individuals. And these individuals or may be called as distorted or fractured Individuals are occupying important posts in the Bureaucracy and somewhere in Politics as well.
    Feudal and bossism character still prevail and desires to be retained as lobbying and legacy in the corridors of Power. Legacy or lavish lifestyle is one of the most important attractions for the aspirants of Civil Service Exam (for special class of posts). Foreign visits in the name of meetings and learning are in their top most agenda but there seems no co-relation between foreign trips for declared objectives and actual implementation of that experience on the field in India.
No doubt this can be justified as challenges by mere creative write- ups or in file notings. In the prevailing system of governance, no one  can prove them as distorted or unfit, so they seems perfectly  fit in the present system of governance.
Attitudes and pseudo egoism of such officers (IAS) at few posts are

hampering the "REAL and ACTUAL" growth and development. Such officers/public servants are usually busy in promoting inter service rivalries and paper correspondence. Such distorted public servants may be very close to top political bosses and keep on  occupying important position and in turn blocking local development of public. Such big Bureaucrats and top bosses remain aloof from premier investigation agencies of this country by creating artificial immunity. They have created artificial EDGE for themselves by avoiding other All India Services and Central Group ''A'' Services.
Ít seems money from Consolidate fund of India is wastage on them. That's why, since Independence, poverty, hunger, road, electricity, water,etc are still major issues in election manifesto of every election. 

'Jai Hind' ......keep on Blogging....